The Federal Republic of Nigeria is the most populous nation of the African continent having a population of more than 150 million. The human in habitation in this part of the world started almost 8,000 B.C and this country has gone through rich diversity in ethnicity, cultural variation and geographical distortions. In the ancient times the country was inhabited by some nomadic tribes and around 800 B.C the land of Nigeria was settled by Noks. Since then many other immigrants arrived and made Nigeria as their homeland. In the most recent era the Portuguese, French and British colonizers dominated this country and their cultural influence is also evident from the lives of the Nigerian people.
There is much multifariousness in the cultural clothing of Nigeria and this is due to the diversification in the ethnic classes of Nigeria. Although in the urban areas of Nigeria the people wear the Western dresses but still many people feel pride in wearing the traditional costumes. We’ll discuss here about the traditional dress of Nigeria.
The men in Nigeria wear the traditional attire which includes buba, fila, sokoto, abeti-aja and agbada. Buba is a loose shirt that goes down till halfway down the thighs and they wear Sokoto as trousers. The traditional headdresses for men are Abeti-aja and Fila.
The women of Nigeria wear the clothing that covers their full body including their heads. Nigerian dresses for women include buba, kaba, iro, gele and iborun or ipele. Buba is a loose blouse that reaches down a little below the waist. Kaba is basically a single-piece dress, which can have different styles. Iro is the bottom part of clothing, which is a rectangular piece of cloth that is wrapped around the waist. Gele is a headgear. It is a rectangular piece of cloth that be tied in different ways to give different looks. Iborun or ipele is a scarf that is either tied around the neck or just can be put diagonally across the body.
The style and pattern on which the traditional dress of Nigeria is stitched is really exclusive and unmatched as compare to other African attires. These dresses are mainly prepared with the materials like lace, jacquard, adire, and Ankara etc.